суббота, 4 апреля 2015 г.

About Fairy Tales

Charles Perrault’s well-known fairy tale «Little Tom Thumb» makes a deep impression on the children. For example, in one family the following situation has happened: when adults and child were playing together, the child asked the adults to be the small heroes of this fairy tale who were left in the wood. Several times «the main heroes» which were represented by the adults «could return home” until the moment when «they scattered the bits of bread along the way and these bits of bread were pecked by birdies». This play was the favorite of the child in this family during several weeks. The most interesting thing in this example that the development of the plot of this play did not always reach the meeting of the boy with a terrible giant, like it was in a fairy tale...
It is also necessary to know that after the acquaintance with fairy tales about Baba Yaga (in Slavic folklore, Baba Yaga is a fearsome witch) children start to train «to avoid to be baked in her furnace». I observed and I was the participant of the play when children pretended, that they did not know how to sit or lie down on the baker's peel. They asked each other to show how doing it correctly,  thus, one of the children was "Baba Yaga deceived and baked in the furnace".
Recently, one boy shared with me the description of the new play which is popular among children of younger school age: one of the children cries out unexpectedly and sharply «Zombie! » (zombie - the hero of some modern fairy tales, cartoon films, films and toys), the other children should run from him because they do not want to be caught by the "zombie" who is "growling" and «representing terrible physiognomies».
Considering the given examples, we can see that the children's play is often based on the "terrible" fairy tales. So why during centuries does the mankind tell and show the children these "horrors"?
Boy, 7 years old: "The ghosts and zombies".

In the science, there is the concept of a «good risk» or a «good fear». «The good risk » enables the child to feel any extreme emotions within the limits of social experience when nothing threatens the life and the health of a small person. Fairy tales, in which there are situations that excite the child (even if the child does not discuss them with adults), ― is one of the best assistants in the residing and overcoming of the fear of something. Certainly, each fairy tale reflects its historical time, but if we speak of modernity, such fears of modern children as the fear of to be lost and the fear of loneliness, are reflected in the fairy tale "Little Tom Thumb", the fear of “strangers” is reflected in the fairy tales about Baba Yaga, the fear of death is reflected in the horrors about zombies. Except it, many fairy tales give the children the hope that they can cope with the most difficult situations.
Girl, 5 years old: "This is a princess..."
Children understand fairy tales perfectly. Once, when my nephew Ivan and I were listening to the radio, we heard the announcer which argued that the modern child would never understand “The Tale of the Golden Cockerel» by A.S. Pushkin. The indignation of the small listener had no limits, he began to retell this fairy tale and to explain its sense.
Children see and appreciate the compassion in fairy tales, consider and discuss heroic acts: the girl must knit the shirts for her brothers, who were turned into swans by an evil queen, she must do it, using a stinging  nettle as material - owing to it her brothers will be able to regain human shapes in H.C.Andersen's fairy tale «The Wild Swans» (child asks him/herself: «Could I do it? To work with the nettle is  painful... »); in the O.Wild's fairy tale «Happy Prince» the statue of prince gives its jewels to the swallow who sees the poverty and asks the prince to help unfortunate people (“Whether can I share anything with people?»), in some fairy tales it is necessary to make something in the very short term (in a life too).
And why so many disputes does "Karlsson on the Roof" by A. Lindgren cause? Because Karlsson is an imaginative friend who is so essential to many children. According to the researches, in the 16 percent of the pictures the children draw imaginative friends.
In the play, based on a fairy tale the child can be both good and bad, both to be the hero, and to be the villain. And the most important thing ― the child can mock at the harm, having made Baba Yaga, giant or zombie clumsy and silly. The great role is played by adults who can discuss a fairy tale and also play it together with the child.
Girl, 6 years old: :This is a girl who is wearing the crown..."
So, why are fairy tales necessary? The answer is obvious: in our life we very often collide with fears, we must overcome absolute obstacles, we have to make a moral choice, - the main heroes of fairy tales teach children how to cope with problems.  

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